About Hydroponics

About Hydroponics

Ayurvet Research Foundation (ARF) has taken a step towards  addressing the challenges of continuously decreasing cultivable land and limited accessibility of water for irrigation. We are continuously conducting programs for bringing out awareness amongst the farmers with respect to hydroponics. Our research team is continuously working on hydroponics technology and facilitating farmers with hydroponically raised crop nursery for mechanized farming and conservation of water. ARF is  producing crop nursery of food crops like Rice, and Sugarcane. We are also producing 7 day crop of Wheat, Barley, Oat, Maize and Sorghum which are used as fodder/ feed for animal. Government funding agencies such as NABARD, DBT, and DST are also supporting ARF to disseminate the knowledge upto grass root level ARF is  empowering the farming community by classroom trainings, on-site trainings and regular demonstration sessions which are being organized in different villages of Sonepat and Panipat districts of Haryana state.

                                                    AYURVET’S PRO GREEN HYDROPONICS MACHINE

 Benefits of hydroponics technology:

A. No pesticide usage as cultivation is monitored in enclosed hygienic environment.

B. No exposure to environmental pollutants

C. Harvesting is done on day 7 thereby nutrition proposition in produce is high

D. No seasonal impact

E.  Consistent quality available throughout the year.

F. Less amount of water used (0.05% of water used in conventional) which is supplied in fixed proportions at regular intervals. Furthermore, water is recycled in the system.

G. Saves space (1/15th conventional)

Application of Ayurvet's Pro Green Hydroponics technology (Major areas)

A. Production of High-Quality Green fodder for livestock

B. Production of Wheatgrass- as an effective healer for human health.

C. Production of Crop nurseries- Wheat, Paddy, Sugarcane

Completed Projects 

1. Name of Project: Scientific intervention towards preventing Paddy stubble burning through zero Tillage technique

Duration of Project: 6 Months

Variety: HD- 2967

Project Area: District – Sonepat, State - Haryana 


To find solution for Paddy stubble burning by adopting Zero tillage technique.


Burning of agricultural biomass residue or crop residue burning is one of the major causes of air pollution. It causes loss of vital components such as nitrogen, phosphorus, sulphur and potassium from the topsoil layer due to which land becomes less fertile and unviable for agriculture in the long run. Zero tillage technology is efficient enough and needs to be popularized among farmers.

The seeds were sown on the fields with Paddy stubble using Zero – Tiller machines. Though, no such yield gain was there as compared to control but still there was an additional income of Rs. 1500.

2. Name of Project: System of Wheat Intensification (SWI): a new trend of Wheat cultivation

Duration of Project: 6 Months

Project location: District – Sonepat, State – Haryana

Variety: PBW-373


Comparative study of system of Wheat Intensification and conventional Wheat in terms of growth and yield parameters.


The experimental trial on SWI was conducted at experimental field of ARF located at Chidana, Sonepat. In this trial 4 treatments were practiced .16 Plots of 36 sq ft each were prepared following Randomized Block Design. Hydroponically grown 8-days seedling was transplanted in the soil, maintaining different spacing (10X10cm, 15X15cm and 20X20cm). In control plot the seeds were sown with the popular broadcasting method where plant to plant distance was not maintained. During the vegetative stage higher numbers of tillers, higher plant height (cm) was observed in the plants grown with 20X20cm spacing. Highest yield was recorded in Hydroponics seedling sown with 20X20cm spacing (Treatment 4) followed by Hydroponics seedling sown with15X15cm spacing (treatment 3), Hydroponics seedling sown with 10X10cm spacing (treatment 2) and control system (treatment 1). Through this technology, proper spacing was maintained which provides adequate nutrition. Adequate spacing for root growth and disease infestation becomes very poor. Overall this technology is an efficient technology and should be practiced worldwide.

3. Name of Project: Demonstration of Hydrogel Technology in Wheat Crop at Farmers Field: an initiative towards water conservation supported by NABARD

Duration of Project: 2 Years

Project Location: District – Sonepat, State - Haryana


To study the effect of Hydrogel on frequency of irrigation in Wheat crop.

To study the effect of Hydrogel on yield and yield parameters and compare it with conventional Wheat.


Hydrogel are polymeric matrixes that swell but does not dissolve in water. They are capable of holding large amount of water in their three dimensional space. Conventionally Wheat crop requires a lot of water to grow as a result 4-5 irrigations per acre are required depending on the climatic conditions and soil moisture.In order to poularise this technology ARF has conducted a research trial with the support of NABARD through which around 50 farmers had adopted this technology. In this experiment, Hydrogel (1kg/acre) was mixed with the seeds during sowing. The farmers reported that they have saved 1 irrigation i.e., approximately 1.5- 2.0 Lakh litres of water per farmer. 1 irrigation on an average costs Rs. 500 as reported by farmers. The yield obtained in Hydrogel fields was 8% higher than conventionally grown Wheat. The farmers also reported that water holding capacity of the soil has increased. The overall profit of the farmer is approximately Rs.4000-5000 per acre which includes irrigation cost, diesel cost and increased grain yield. This technology is an efficient resource for saving water and therefore should be promoted at farmer level..

4. Name of the project: Comparative Performance of Hydroponically raised Transplanted Wheat and Conventional Wheat for growth and yield parameters in different geographical areas.

Duration: 6 months

Project location: KVK, Central Agricultural University Imphal


Comparative Performance of Hydroponically raised and transplanted Wheat seedling with conventional Wheat for growth and yield parameters under North East conditions.


The hydroponically raised Wheat seedling was prepared in Ayurvet's ProGreen Hydroponics machine & was transplanted in experimental field of Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Central Agricultural University Imphal. The results indicated that the survival rate of Hydroponic transplanted Wheat nursery was 97%. The number of grains per panicle and panicle length were higher by 30.2% and 22.2% in hydroponic transplanted Wheat, respectively as compare to the control system (no line sowing; traditional broadcasting method). The disease infestation was reduced in transplanted wheat. The grain yield was higher by 14.9 % in hydroponics transplanted Wheat as compared to the conventional practice. 160kg extra Wheat was observed in hydroponically raised and transplanted Wheat leading to an approximate benefit of Rs. 2776 per acre.

5. Name of the project: Comparative Performance of Hydroponically raised Transplanted Wheat and Conventional Wheat for growth and yield parameters in different geographical areas.

Duration: 6 months

Project location: Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Jammum,


Comparative Performance of Hydroponically raised and transplanted Wheat seedling with conventional Wheat for growth and yield parameters under Jammu conditions.


Wheat nursery was raised hydro-ponically in Ayurvet's Pro Green Hydroponics machine. The nursery was then transplanted in experimental field of Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology (SKUAST), Jammu, India. In reference to Hydroponics wheat nursery

although the transplanting was done on 28th Dec, 2017 (late sowing conditions) the survival rate was 97%. Organic practices were followed throughout the trial. Higher germination rate facilitated lower seed input i.e., only 28kg/acre in Hydroponics as compared to 40 kg/ acre used in conventional practice, leading to saving of 30% of seeds/acre.

6. Name of Project: Raising Paddy Nursery hydroponically and its transplantation at Farmer's field using mechanical transplanter: An initiative towards Sustainability and Value Creation

Duration: 3 years

Project location: Villages of District Sonepat, Haryana


To raise Hydroponics Paddy nursery in Ayurvet's Pro Green Hydroponics machine

To transplant the Paddy nursery on farmer's field using mechanical transplanter

To compare the performance of Hydroponics Paddy with conventional Paddy in terms of growth and yield parameters.


Paddy is one of the most important food crops of India and second of the world. It feeds more than 50 % of the world population. Inspite of being one of the largest produced crops Paddy farmers are frightened by numerous cultivation problems such as high input prices, high wage rates, natural problems, shortage of labor, pests and diseases attack, land and water quality problems. Ayurvet's hydroponics technology is the solution to above mentioned problems which produces Paddy nursery in just 7 days, saves water, saves land and minimizes the use of labour. In 2017, ARF with the support of NABARD has conducted the trial at 50 farmer's field and had demonstrated the technology to around 1500 farmers. Variations in terms of yield and growth parameters were observed. The hydroponically raised Paddy nursery was transplanted on 8th day, thereby saving 18 days at nursery stage. Water used in raising Hydroponics Paddy nursery was 95% lower than the water used in raising conventional Paddy nursery. Yield obtained from Hydroponics Paddy nursery was 10% higher than control. Flowering and tiller emergence of Hydroponic transplanted Paddy nursery was 10-15 days early, which helped farmers in getting better price in the market . The overall benefit of Rs. 4000- 5000 per acre was recorded against higher yields and lower input cost..

7. Name of Project: Hydroponically raised Sugarcane nursery: An initiative towards value creation

Duration of Project: 3 years


To raise sugarcane nursery hydroponically

To transplant hydroponically raised sugarcane nursery manually at farmers' field

To compare its performance with conventional sugarcane


Ayurvet Research Foundation conducted a research trial with the support of NABARD at farmers' field of district Sonipat, Haryana in which Sugarcane nursery was raised in Ayurvet's Pro Green Hydroponics Machine within 15 days .The main purpose of the study was to give a possible solution to the problems faced by the farmers like transportation and availability of propagation material, poor water resources, unavailability of land for cultivation, poor yields, poor germination rate, disease infestation etc.

The Nursery established successfully in the field with the survival rate of 85%. The germination rate of the hydroponics nursery was 70-80% which was very high as compared to the 33% germination rate in conventional process. The final yield of sugarcane crop obtained was 15 % higher than that of conventional sugarcane yield. The technology is economically viable and can bring out tremendous benefits to the farmers.

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